deep and water thoroughly. Belladonna foliage may be pruned at this stage as well, though it dries up and goes away seemingly on in its own before flower stalks emerge in late summer. They are hardy down to 28 degrees Fahrenheit, though mulch adds a few degrees of protection. The key to successful reflowering is proper care. In the United States, amaryllis bulbs can grow well outdoors in most parts of zones 8-11, with some varieties even overwintering in zone 7. Plant bulbs 2-4 inches (5-10 cm.) 4. When to Cut Back Amaryllis? Leave 2 inches of stem in place above the bulb. Amaryllis stems are hollow, so take care to support the stem as you’re cutting. Buy stems in tight bud and don't just shove them into the car any-old-how. It’s hard to pinpoint the exact culprit, but amaryllis stems are hollow so they can bend more easily than other flowers. Amaryllis. These days, smart winter decorating schemes practically require amaryllis, with their great big trumpetty blooms in totally untasteful lipstick red. Instead of tossing an amaryllisafter the holidays, keep it alivethroughout spring and summer. I won't cut the amaryllis leaves. Read more articles about Amaryllis Hippeastrum. You can cut the flower off however far down the stem you like, but the further down you cut, the longer it will take to regrow. In late summer and fall, amaryllis can be taken from the garden to force into bloom for the holidays. After flowering, the plant leaves process energy that transfers to the bulb. Once a flower has faded, cut the flower where it meets the main stalk with a clean knife or scissors. If things go well, you should see a big, fat green flower bud emerge from the top of the bulb. Continue to water and feed the plant regularly with a liquid houseplant fertilizer. The color of amaryllis is beautiful so feel free to snip a stem here or there for use in a vase. After it finishes blooming, go back to step 1. These are the amaryllises sold as holiday houseplants and bulbs can be forced for indoor bloom by withholding water and placing them in a cool area for eight to 10 weeks, then moving them to a warm, bright area to jump start new growth. Characteristics. Until that time, however, it is still producing energy for next year's bloom. Wont do that again. Once the selected amaryllis has been dug up, carefully remove the soil around the bulbs. Once the flowers are spent, cutthem off and cut back the stalks. Keep watering the plant until it goes dormant in the fall. The flower stalk is capable of photosynthesis and will help create new energy that will recharge the bulb. When growing either belladonna amaryllis (Amaryllis belladonna) or one of the many hybrids of Dutch amaryllis (A. hippeastrum), pruning keeps plants looking neat, though pruning at the proper time is imperative to the health and longevity of the bulb. Like many bulbs, in time and with the right environmental conditions, outdoor amaryllis bulbs will reproduce and naturalize. These varieties also grow 2 to 3 feet tall, with leaves appearing first, followed by a hollow flower stalk. She has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Michigan State University, is an avid gardener and volunteers at her local botanical garden. Add soil or amendments to provide a well-draining, healthy soil to reduce transplant shock. The remaining healthy bulbs should be planted immediately in the garden or designated containers. Belladonna amarylllis grows from large bulbs planted with their tops even with the soil. Once flowering has ceased, both belladonna and Dutch amaryllis try to produce seed. Then it’s time to force the bulb into dormancy: Stop watering and move your amaryllis to a cool, dark place — 40 to 45 degrees F. Use a sharp garden spade to cut a circle around the clump of amaryllis bulbs. If your amaryllis has finished flowering, cut off the spent blooms to prevent the plant from going to seed. University of California Sonoma County Master Gardeners: Will the Real Amaryllis Please Stand Up? However, garden amaryllis plants are usually divided in autumn months (October/November) or February and March in warmer regions. Amaryllis bulbs are often available at garden centers in fall because they are often forced into bloom for the Christmas holidays. When the flowers are done, cut the spent flower stalks back near the base. Continue caring for your Amaryllis as a house plant by keeping it fed and watered so the soil is moist but not wet. But every new plant/flower/bulb/corm you buy comes with a … Patricia Hamilton Reed has written professionally since 1987. After the cool requirement has been met, start the growth cycle again by watering the bulbs and placing them in a well-lighted, 70 to 75 degrees F location. Thanks so much. Dig your bulb up and store it in a cool, dry, dark place (like a basement) for anywhere between 4 and 12 weeks. Cut off the foliage when the leaves turn brown. Amaryllis plants are prized for their large, exotic trumpet-shaped flowers which can be forced indoors to bloom during the winter months. Amaryllis plant division is not only a way to control amaryllis colonies, but it also keeps plants healthy while allowing you to make more of your own amaryllis bulb centerpieces. Amaryllis bulbs will benefit from the addition of rich, organic matter. Belladonna amaryllises are sometimes called naked ladies because their flower stalks emerge from the soil and bloom months after the strappy foliage fades away. If you have an old amaryllis bulb or bulbs – don’t throw them away. Get … Pre-dig holes with a bulb planter or auger. Make sure to remove the green lump and thin green stem attaching the flower to the stalk. This helps prevent the bulb from staying too damp and rotting. above the bulb. Keep the bulb planted in … Allow the foliage to remain in place. However, it is possible to save the amaryllis and force it to flower on an annual basis. After all of the flowers have died, cut the stalk to within 2 inches of the base of the plant. The plant needs the energy stored in the bulb to produce a new flower next year. Flowers may be red, orange, white or bicolor depending on the specific cultivar. Sanitize Pruning Shears. When too many bulbs form underground in a spot, they can begin to choke each other out. Cut the stalk with a knife sterilized with rubbing alcohol at the point where it meets the top of the bulb. You will need to stop feeding in August. Unlike most forced bulbs, they bloom just fine in future years when replanted outdoors. 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