The Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is the only sirenian adapted exclusively to freshwater and is endemic to the Amazon River basin. Reviewed May 29, 2014 . Manatees are believed to have evolved from a wading, plant-eating animal. The main objective of this work was to describe the ecological knowledge and use of the Amazonian manatee in the Extractive Reserve Verde para Sempre (RESEX), located in Porto de Moz, Pará, Brazilian Amazon. The main attraction is the endangered Amazon manatee. It was the first release in Perú. 2004, Nowak 1999, Wildl. The three species are Amazonian manatee, West Indian manatee, and the West African manatee. It has thin, wrinkled brownish or gray colored skin, with fine hairs scattered over its body and a white chest patch. The Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is a species of manatee that lives in the Amazon Basin in Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. Find the perfect manatee amazon stock photo. Quite a few, most unfortunately: * Amazon river dolphin - Also known as the boto or pink dolphin, this is an endemic species of river dolphin. In some areas of the Caribbean, it is common for the manatee to be hunted as a way to supply meat to the people there. Endangered environmentalists. Photo by Eduardo Arraut. In 1974 hunting the Amazonian Manatee became outlawed, but poachers have ignored the law so their numbers are very low. It has a flattened tail used for swimming and is a very docile and slow-moving creature. It is the smallest of the three extant species of manatee. In Florida the animal is listed as endangered species and it is protected not only under the state law but also by the federal law. Aquatic animals also include river dolphins (Inia geoffrensis); the semiaquatic capybara, the largest rodent in the world (weighing up to 170… Review of Amazon Rescue Center. The West Indian and Amazonian manatees are both endangered, and the West African manatee is threatened, according to the Endangered Species Act. As the toxin build up, they can suffer seizures and even drown. Their closest relative is the dugong. The Amazonian manatee is the smallest trichechid, measuring about 3-m long or less and weighing less than 500 kg.Its “rubbery” skin is smoother than that of its congeners, and it lacks nails at the tips of the pectoral flippers, which are proportionately longer than in the other species. Physical Features. Manatees have paddle-like tails and foreflippers, and no hind limbs. The Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is a species of manatee that lives in the Amazon Basin in Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. According to the Appendix I of CITES, the Amazonian manatee is classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, one step before endangered (many incorrectly call them an endangered species). The Amazonian Manatee and the West Indian Manatee are both listed as "endangered", while the West African Manatee is listed as "threatened", according to the U.S. Amazonian Manatee. The Amazon Manatee is endangered for several reasons. Manatee meat, skin, and fat are highly prized in the Amazon, so the greatest threat facing this species is illegal hunting for human consumption. Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered: South America (Amazon R. Basin) Also known as the Amazonian ox manatee, this rare manatee is found in the Amazon Rivers and its larger tributaries, including rivers of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Are you inspired by endangered animals? Common name: Amazonian manatee, South American manatee, Amazon sea cow. Map for Amazonian Manatee (23 Kb JPEG) aquatic vegetation. The Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis), an endangered species, is the smallest species of manatee. Amazonian Manatee Rescue. The manatee’s closest relatives are the elephant and the hyrax (a small, gopher-sized mammal). Populations of manatees in the Amazon are expected to decline by as much as 30 percent over the next 20 years. Fun Facts. Almost extinct, this rescue center finds injured manatees and brings them back to health before releasing them back into the Amazon. Manatee Conservation. The West Indian manatee is related to the West African manatee, the Amazonian manatee, the dugong, and Steller’s sea cow, which was hunted to extinction in 1768. Manatee Information, anatomy, feeding, reproduction, habitat, conservation. They are one of three species still existing in the genus Trichechus, the only genus in the family Trichechidae. (200 to 590 kilograms). All are threatened by overhunting, and the manatee has been listed as an endangered species. Centro de Rescate Amazónico near Iquitos, Perú, released five endangered Amazonian Manatees back into their habitat in the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve after about three years of rehabilitating the rescued mammals. One of the 3 manatee species in the world, Trichechus inunguis is a river dweller that can reach 2.8 m in length and weigh half a ton. Additionally, Amazonian manatees have a very small degree of rostral deflection (30.4°), which can be used as an indication of where in the water column the animal feeds. The tiniest member of the manatee family, the Amazonian manatee can be distinguished by its smooth rubbery skin and lack of vestigial nails on its flippers. Amazonian Ox Manatee. Group: Mammals. It is believed that the number of individuals taking part in this has decreased though due to other forms of meat being introduced to them through various conservation efforts. Jim Reid / U.S. Florida manatee T. m. latirostris Threatened I . Commonly known as the Amazonian manatee, this marine mammal belongs to the domain eukarya, and the kingdom animalia. In honour of International Manatee Day, we dedicate our wildlife of the week to the Amazonian manatee. Since its inception, IPE researchers have promoted the conservation of the species in the lower Rio Negro through studies with wild animals, reintroduction projects and environmental education. Facts about Manatees, West Indian Manatee, Amazonian Manatee, west African manatee. Manatees average 3 m (10 ft.) and 363 to 544 kg (800 to 1,200 lbs.). The Amazonian manatee ( Trichechus inunguis ) is the largest aquatic freshwater mammal in South America found in the main rivers of the Amazon Basin. An Amazonian manatee has a radio-collar fitted by researchers studying their seasonal migration. Visitors learn about the endangered Amazonian Manatee and take the opportunity to feed milk to the baby manatees. As their population numbers have dramatically reduced through large-scale captures and being illegally hunted for meat consumption, it is important for us to get our message out there before it is too late. ; Its skin color is gray with white markings on the abdomen and … Today’s featured endangered species is Trichechus inunguis. All three manatee species are considered endangered or vulnerable to extinction. Manatees range in size from 8 to 13 feet (2.4 to 4 meters) and can weigh 440 to 1,300 lbs. The main reason is that they are hunted for their meat and skin. Florida's growing manatee population prompts the federal government to reclassify the endangered species as "threatened," a move denounced by conservation groups. Are Manatees Endangered. Tipping the scales at up to 1100 pounds, the Amazonian manatee is actually the smallest species within the order sirenia. We used mitochondrial DNA control region sequences to examine phylogeography and population differentiation of the endangered Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis.We observe lack of molecular differentiation among localities and we find weak association between … Caribbean Manatee Conservation Center; Abbreviation: CMCC or CCMC (in Spanish) Formation: 2009: Type: Partnership between 501(c)(3) non-profit Red Caribeña de Varamientos (Caribbean Stranding Network) and the Inter American University of Puerto Rico: Purpose: Rescue, rehabilitation, population research and community outreach regarding endangered manatees No need to register, buy now! They have large, strong tails that power their swimming. The Amazonian Manatee Conservation Project began in Anavilhanas National Park in 2003. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. DALLAS (November 3, 2017) – Nearly 3,000 miles from Texas, in the remote Amazon rainforest of Peru, a team of veterinarians, biologists and conservationists from The Dallas World Aquarium’s manatee rescue project has successfully released five rehabilitated Amazonian manatees back into their natural environment near Iquitos, Peru. The Amazonian Manatee is the smallest of the three types of manatees. Mark Carwardine / Amazonian manatee {Trichechus inunguis} calf being fed by hand, Endangered, Captive, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil 01652212 Brandon Cole / Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis), captive. The Amazonian manatee is listed as Critically Endangered (CE), according to the Red List of Ecuador, and as a Vulnerable (VU) species in the IUCN RedList. Other articles where Amazonian manatee is discussed: Amazon River: Animal life: …the giant sea cow, or manatee, is sought for its flesh and for oil. Manatees are found from the mouth of the Amazon River to the upper reaches of the tributaries of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana and Peru. It is the only manatee to occur exclusively in freshwater habitats. Date Listed as Endangered: June 2, 1970. There are three species of manatee and all are either threatened or endangered. USFWS: West Indian manatee, Florida manatee, and Antillean manatee are threatened: Amazonian manatee is endangered. This is a very slow and painful death for a manatee to be faced with. Learn more about these gentle giants, the threats they face, and how to help them. The Amazonian manatee is the smallest of the three living species of the Trichechus genus, the West Indian manatee (trichechus manatus) and the West African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis). Name. 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